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越南 基本情况
国家/地区:越南 首都/主要城市:Hanoi 国别域名:.vn 越南投资合作指南-来源:商务部
国际电话区号:+0084 城市电话区号:Ba Ria +0084 64; Bac Giang +0084 240; Bac Kan +0084 281; Bac Lieu +0084 781; Bac Ninh +0084 241; Bien Hoa +0084 61; Binh Dinh +0084 56; Binh Phuoc +0084 651; Binh Thuan +0084 62; Ca Mau +0084 780; Can Tho +0084 71; Cao Bang +0084 26; Cuu Long +0084 70; Dak Lak +0084 50; Dong Nai +0084 61; Dong Thap +0084 67; Gia Lai +0084 59; Ha Giang +0084 19; Ha Nam +0084 351; Ha Tay +0084 34; Ha Tinh +0084 39; Hai Duong +0084 320; Hai Phong +0084 31; Haiphong +0084 31; Hanoi +0084 4; Hanoi City +0084 4; Ho Chi Minh +0084 8; Ho Chi Minh City +0084 8; Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) +0084 8; Ho Chi Minh City City (formerl +0084 8; Hoa Binh +0084 18; Hue +0084 54; Hung Yen +0084 321; Khanh Hoa +0084 58; Kien Giang +0084 77; Kon Tum +0084 60; Lai Chau +0084 23; Lang Son +0084 25; Lao Cai +0084 20; Long An +0084 72; Long Xuyen +0084 76; Minh Hai +0084 78; Nam Dinh +0084 350; Nghe An +0084 38; Nha Trang +0084 58; Nin Thuan +0084 68; Ninh Binh +0084 30; Phan Thiet +0084 62; Phu Tho +0084 210; Phu Yen +0084 57; Quang Binh +0084 52; Quang Nam +0084 510; Quang Ngai +0084 55; Quang Tri +0084 53; Quant Ninh +0084 33; Qui Nhon +0084 56; Saigon +0084 8; Soc Trang +0084 79; Son La +0084 22; Tay Ninh +0084 66; Thai Binh +0084 36; Thai Nguyen +0084 280; Thanh Hoa +0084 37; Thua Thien Hue +0084 54; Thuan Lam Dong +0084 63; Tien Giang +0084 73; Tra Vinh +0084 74; Tuyen Quang +0084 27; Vinh Long +0084 70; Vinh Phu +0084 211; Vung Tàu +0084 64; Yen Bai +0084 29
所在时区:UTC 7
当地时间: 2021-09-18 14:36:15
城市所在时区:C?n Th? | ICT | UTC +7; Hanoi | ICT | UTC +7; Hai Phong | ICT | UTC +7; Ho Chi Minh | ICT | UTC +7; Da Nang | ICT | UTC +7; Nha Trang | ICT | UTC +7
越南 节假日(最近三个月) 2021-09-02 independence day / National holiday /
2021-09-03 independence day holiday / National holiday /
2021-09-23 september equinox / Season /
2021-10-20 vietnamese womens day / Observance /
2021-10-31 halloween / Observance /
越南 主要港口 HO CHI MINH 胡志明 / 东南亚线 ; HAI PHONG / ; VUNG TAU 头顿港 / 东南亚线 ; NGHI SON / ; CAI MEP / ; PHU MY 富美港 / 东南亚线 ; DA NANG / ; DUNG QUAT / ; GO DAU / ; HON GAI / ; QUI NHON 归仁 / 东南亚线 ; SON DUONG / ; VUNG ANG / ; VISSAI / ; CAM PHA 锦普港 / 东南亚线 ; NHA TRANG 芽庄 / 东南亚线 ; LONG AN / ; CHU LAI / ; BA NGOI / ; HON LA / ; CAN THO 芹苴 / 东南亚线 ; VINH 荣市 / 东南亚线 ; CHAN MAY / ; HYUNDAI VINASHIN / ; NAM DINH / ; RACH GIA / ; MY THO 美富 / 东南亚线 ;
越南 地图
越南 热门网站
Coccoc.com Google.com.vn Google.com Facebook.com Youtube.com Webtretho.com Daikynguyenvn.com Zing.vn
Vnexpress.net 24h.com.vn Taimienphi.vn Nhadatso.com Vtv.vn Kenh14.vn Thethao247.vn Xehoiviet.com
Blogspot.com Yahoo.com Dantri.com.vn Nhaccuatui.com Thegioinoithat.com Tinhte.vn Wikipedia.org Blogphongthuy.com
Phimmoi.net Lazada.vn Nguoiduatin.vn 5giay.vn Wordpress.com Yan.vn Vietnamnet.vn Soha.vn
Stackoverflow.com Vietcombank.com.vn Baomoi.com Xem.vn Guidegame.vn Popads.net Tuoitre.vn Hdonline.vn
Twitter.com Vov.vn Docxem.com Blogger.com Doisongphapluat.com Phununet.com Thanhnien.vn Genk.vn
Chotot.com Thegioididong.com 2banh.vn Baogiaothong.vn Ngoisao.net Vatgia.com Chimsedinang.com Github.com
Bilutv.com Instagram.com Phimbathu.com Linkedin.com Messenger.com Pinterest.com Careerlink.vn Tiki.vn
Onclickads.net Vforum.vn Javgo.me Vietq.vn Blogtamsu.vn Amazon.com Sendo.vn 360game.vn
Otosaigon.com Fshare.vn Motthegioi.vn Gamek.vn Microsoft.com 388bet.com Cafef.vn Sinhvienit.net
Mediafire.com Garena.vn Congan.com.vn Tuberel.com Techz.vn Giadinhvietnam.com Afamily.vn Nhattao.com
Cafebiz.vn Live.com Batdongsan.com.vn Vtc.vn Apple.com Fbcdn.net Eva.vn Popcash.net
Thuocbietduoc.com.vn Tumblr.com Foody.vn Lienminh360.vn Fptshop.com.vn Bongdaplus.vn Phim14.net Vitalk.vn
时间 越南 外贸交流贴 字数 关键词 相关度
2021 越南、缅甸和老挝三国实现国内生产总值2020正增长 1194 越南 21
2021 为越南钢铁和机械制造业开辟了机会 959 越南 16
2021 越南水产品顺利销往英国 699 越南 8
2021 海运难同样发生在越南出口商身上 2044 越南 5
2021 力争到2030年越南国家管理机构女领导干部占75%....OMG! 698 越南 2
2021 美国以货币操纵敲打越南,越南还以减少顺差,减少他国转口 811 越南 11
2021 有关越南操纵货币的指控,美国未决定对越南商品加征关税 1321 越南 16
2021 越南新增两个工业园区:第五号工业园区,土黄工业区 764 越南 6
2021 越南500强企业榜单出炉 452 越南 14
2021 2021年越南电子商务将继续呈强劲增长势头.. 805 越南 9
2021 2020年越南木薯及木薯产品出口额近10亿美元,中国是该产品最大出口市场.. 668 越南 6
2021 转口贸易注意!越南出台暂进再出、转口货物贸易经营新规! 2125 越南 22
2021 《三驾马车》的作用有助于越南达到2021年经济增长目标... 756 越南 4
2021 越南建议利用那些被弃货的集装箱 1976 越南 10
2021 越南一家中资企业奖励员工200辆摩托车.. 610 越南 3
2021 越南制造与数字强国的渴望.. 1410 越南 12
2021 越媒:鸿海投资2.7亿美元 扩大越南北江省生产规模.. 906 越南 8
2021 越南或将迎来新一波高科技投资热潮.. 1351 越南 7
2021 越南线上贸易促进新规定,2021年1月15日起生效.. 1237 越南 3
2021 越媒:越南优质商品电子交易平台启用.. 691 越南 9
2021 中国一汽集团在越南设立分销商..汽车行业关注 604 越南 2
2021 越南期望RECP增加农林产品出口 1495 越南 17
2021 越南农产品产业 2097 越南 4
2021 越南批准《国外取证公约》实施计划.. 811 越南 3
2021 越南这几天被爆出不少新增疫情病例 345 越南 5
2021 日媒:苹果加快将产能转移到印度和越南的步伐.. 910 越南 7
2021 春节期间越南进出口同比猛增53%,对华出口最多.. 698 越南 5
2021 越南手机和笔记本电脑市场迎来新机遇 1505 越南 12
2021 越南农林水产品的出口展望 810 越南 8
2021 盖洛普:越南经济信心指数排在世界第三.. 716 越南 2


国民经济

经济概况:

Vietnam is a densely populated developing country that has been transitioning since 1986 from the rigidities of a centrally planned, highly agrarian economy to a more industrial and market based economy, and it has raised incomes substantially. Vietnam exceeded its 2017 GDP growth target of 6.7% with growth of 6.8%, primarily due to unexpected increases in domestic demand, and strong manufacturing exports. ++ Vietnam has a young population, stable political system, commitment to sustainable growth, relatively low inflation, stable currency, strong FDI inflows, and strong manufacturing sector. In addition, the country is committed to continuing its global economic integration. Vietnam joined the WTO in January 2007 and concluded several free trade agreements in 2015-16, including the EU-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement (which the EU has not yet ratified), the Korean Free Trade Agreement, and the Eurasian Economic Union Free Trade Agreement. In 2017, Vietnam successfully chaired the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Conference with its key priorities including inclusive growth, innovation, strengthening small and medium enterprises, food security, and climate change. Seeking to diversify its opportunities, Vietnam also signed the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for the Transpacific Partnership in 2018 and continued to pursue the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership. ++ To continue its trajectory of strong economic growth, the government acknowledges the need to spark a 鈥榮econd wave' of reforms, including reforming state-owned-enterprises, reducing red tape, increasing business sector transparency, reducing the level of non-performing loans in the banking sector, and increasing financial sector transparency. Vietnam's public debt to GDP ratio is nearing the government mandated ceiling of 65%. ++ In 2016, Vietnam cancelled its civilian nuclear energy development program, citing public concerns about safety and the high cost of the program; it faces growing pressure on energy infrastructure. Overall, the country's infrastructure fails to meet the needs of an expanding middle class. Vietnam has demonstrated a commitment to sustainable growth over the last several years, but despite the recent speed-up in economic growth the government remains cautious about the risk of external shocks.

GDP实际增长率:

6.8% (2017 est.)
7.16% (2017 est.)
6.2% (2016 est.)
世界排名: 21

通货膨胀率(消费者价格):

2.7% (2019 est.)
3.5% (2018 est.)
3.5% (2017 est.)
世界排名: 138

信用评级:

Fitch rating: BB (2018)
Moody's rating: Ba3 (2018)
Standard & Poors rating: BB (2019)

GDP(按购买力平价计算,当年价格):

$673.484 billion (2019 est.)
$631.971 billion (2018 est.)
$591.671 billion (2017 est.)
note: data are in 2017 dollars

GDP (官方汇率):

$259.957 billion (2019 est.)

GDP - 人均(购买力平价):

$2,125 (2019 est.)
$2,014 (2018 est.)
$1,904 (2017 est.)
note: data are in 2010 dollars
世界排名: 188

国民储蓄总额:

29% of GDP (2017 est.)
29.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
27.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
世界排名: 33

GDP构成,按来源部门:

agriculture: 15.3% (2017 est.)
industry: 33.3% (2017 est.)
services: 51.3% (2017 est.)

GDP构成,按最终用途:

household consumption: 66.9% (2017 est.)
government consumption: 6.5% (2017 est.)
investment in fixed capital: 24.2% (2017 est.)
investment in inventories: 2.8% (2017 est.)
exports of goods and services: 100% (2017 est.)
imports of goods and services: -101% (2017 est.)

营商环境指数得分:

70.8 (2020)

农业 - 产品:

rice, coffee, rubber, tea, pepper, soybeans, cashews, sugar cane, peanuts, bananas; pork; poultry; seafood

工业:

food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building; mining, coal, steel; cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, mobile phones

工业生产增长率:

8% (2017 est.)
世界排名: 24

劳动力:

54.659 million (2019 est.)
世界排名: 10

劳动力 - 按职业:

agriculture: 40.3%
industry: 25.7%
services: 34% (2017)

失业率:

3.11% (2018 est.)
2.2% (2017 est.)
世界排名: 42

贫困线以下人口:

8% (2017 est.)

按百分比划分的家庭收入或消费:

lowest 10%: 2.7%
highest 10%: 26.8% (2014)

预算:

revenues: 54.59 billion (2017 est.)
expenditures: 69.37 billion (2017 est.)

税收和其他收入:

24.8% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
世界排名: 119

预算盈余 (+) 或赤字 (-):

-6.7% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
世界排名: 191

公共债务:

58.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
59.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
note: official data; data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
世界排名: 76

财政年度:

calendar year

经常账户余额:

$12.478 billion (2019 est.)
$5.769 billion (2018 est.)
世界排名: 22

出口:

$248.953 billion (2019 est.)
$233.294 billion (2018 est.)
$204.169 billion (2017 est.)
世界排名: 31

出口 - 合作伙伴:

US 20.1%, China 14.5%, Japan 8%, South Korea 6.8% (2017)

出口 - 商品:

clothes, shoes, electronics, seafood, crude oil, rice, coffee, wooden products, machinery

进口:

$266.066 billion (2019 est.)
$245.563 billion (2018 est.)
$217.684 billion (2017 est.)
世界排名: 26

进口 - 商品:

machinery and equipment, petroleum products, steel products, raw materials for the clothing and shoe industries, electronics, plastics, automobiles

进口 - 合作伙伴:

China 25.8%, South Korea 20.5%, Japan 7.8%, Thailand 4.9% (2017)

外汇和黄金储备:

$49.5 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$36.91 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
世界排名: 40

外债:

$96.58 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$84.34 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
世界排名: 48

汇率:

dong (VND) per US dollar -
23,129 (2020 est.)
23,171.5 (2019 est.)
23,312.5 (2018 est.)
21,909 (2014 est.)
21,189 (2013 est.)

能源:

电网接入:

electrification - total population: 100% (2019)

电力 - 生产:

158.2 billion kWh (2016 est.)
世界排名: 24

用电量:

143.2 billion kWh (2016 est.)
世界排名: 25

电力 - 出口:

713 million kWh (2017 est.)
世界排名: 63

电力 - 进口:

2.733 billion kWh (2016 est.)
世界排名: 51

电力 - 装机容量:

40.77 million kW (2016 est.)
世界排名: 25

电力 - 来自化石燃料:

56% of total installed capacity (2016 est.)
世界排名: 139

电力 - 来自核燃料:

0% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
世界排名: 209

电力 - 来自水力发电厂:

43% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
世界排名: 47

电力 - 来自其他可再生能源:

1% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
世界排名: 171

石油 - 生产:

242,000 bbl/day (2018 est.)
世界排名: 33

石油 - 出口:

324,600 bbl/day (2015 est.)
世界排名: 25

石油 - 进口:

0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
世界排名: 213

石油 - 探明储量:

4.4 billion bbl (1 January 2018 est.)
世界排名: 25

精炼石油产品 - 生产:

153,800 bbl/day (2015 est.)
世界排名: 58

精炼石油产品 - 消费:

438,000 bbl/day (2016 est.)
世界排名: 35

精炼石油产品 - 出口:

25,620 bbl/day (2015 est.)
世界排名: 67

精炼石油产品 - 进口:

282,800 bbl/day (2015 est.)
世界排名: 25

天然气 - 生产:

8.098 billion cu m (2017 est.)
世界排名: 44

天然气 - 消费:

8.098 billion cu m (2017 est.)
世界排名: 52

天然气 - 出口:

0 cu m (2017 est.)
世界排名: 210

天然气 - 进口:

0 cu m (2017 est.)
世界排名: 210

天然气 - 探明储量:

699.4 billion cu m (1 January 2018 est.)
世界排名: 27

能源消耗产生的二氧化碳排放量:

235.3 million Mt (2017 est.)
世界排名: 29

通讯

电话 - 固定线路:

total subscriptions: 3,710,210
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 3.79 (2019 est.)
世界排名: 37

电话 - 手机:

total subscriptions: 138,256,733
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 141.23 (2019 est.)
世界排名: 12

电信系统:

general assessment: despite being a communist country there are plans to part privatize the state's holdings in telecom companies as well as a large number of other enterprises; competition is thriving in the market place; mobile dominates over fixed-line; FttH market growing, as is e-commerce; govt. is the driving force for growth and moving towards commercializing 5G services with test licenses issued in 2019; 5 major operators; Ho Chi Minh City to become the first smart city in Vietnam with cloud computing infrastructure, big data, data centers and security-monitoring centers (2020)
domestic: all provincial exchanges are digitalized and connected to Hanoi, Da Nang, and Ho Chi Minh City by fiber-optic cable or microwave radio relay networks; main lines have been increased, and the use of mobile telephones is growing rapidly; fixed-line 4 per 100 and mobile-cellular 141 per 100 (2019)
international: country code - 84; landing points for the SeaMeWe-3, APG, SJC2, AAE-1, AAG and the TGN-IA submarine cable system providing connectivity to Europe, Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Southeast Asia, Australia, and the US; satellite earth stations - 2 Intersputnik (Indian Ocean region) (2020)
note: the COVID-19 outbreak is negatively impacting telecommunications production and supply chains globally; consumer spending on telecom devices and services has also slowed due to the pandemic's effect on economies worldwide; overall progress towards improvements in all facets of the telecom industry - mobile, fixed-line, broadband, submarine cable and satellite - has moderated

广播媒体:

government controls all broadcast media exercising oversight through the Ministry of Information and Communication (MIC); government-controlled national TV provider, Vietnam Television (VTV), operates a network of several channels with regional broadcasting centers; programming is relayed nationwide via a network of provincial and municipal TV stations; law limits access to satellite TV but many households are able to access foreign programming via home satellite equipment; government-controlled Voice of Vietnam, the national radio broadcaster, broadcasts on several channels and is repeated on AM, FM, and shortwave stations throughout Vietnam (2018)

互联网国家代码:

.vn

互联网用户:

total: 68,267,875
percent of population: 70.35% (July 2018 est.)
世界排名: 11

宽带 - 固定用户:

total: 12,994,451
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 13 (2018 est.)
世界排名: 16

运输

全国航空运输系统:

number of registered air carriers: 5 (2020)
inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 224
annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 47,049,671 (2018)
annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 481.37 million mt-km (2018)

民用航空器注册国家代码前缀:

VN (2016)

机场:

45 (2013)
世界排名: 96

机场 - 铺设跑道:

total: 38 (2013)
over 3,047 m: 10 (2013)
2,438 to 3,047 m: 6 (2013)
1,524 to 2,437 m: 13 (2013)
914 to 1,523 m: 9 (2013)

机场 - 未铺设跑道:

total: 7 (2013)
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)
914 to 1,523 m: 3 (2013)
under 914 m: 3 (2013)

直升机场:

1 (2013)

运输管道:

72 km condensate, 398 km condensate/gas, 955 km gas, 128 km oil, 33 km oil/gas/water, 206 km refined products, 13 km water (2013)

铁路:

total: 2,600 km (2014)
standard gauge: 178 km 1.435-m gauge; 253 km mixed gauge (2014)
narrow gauge: 2,169 km 1.000-m gauge (2014)
世界排名: 66

公路:

total: 195,468 km (2013)
paved: 148,338 km (2013)
unpaved: 47,130 km (2013)
世界排名: 28

水路:

47,130 km (30,831 km weight under 50 tons) (2011)
世界排名: 4

商用船舶:

total: 1,863
by type: bulk carrier 83, container ship 38, general cargo 1266, oil tanker 114, other 362 (2019)
世界排名: 14

港口和码头:

主要海港: Cam Pha Port, Da Nang, Haiphong, Phu My, Quy Nhon
集装箱港口 (吞吐量TEU): Saigon (6,155,535), Cai Mep (3,065,014) (2017)
河港: Ho Chi Minh (Mekong)


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