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标题: 美方在推出500亿美元征税清单之后,又威胁将制定2000亿美元征税清单
  本主题由 vip 于 2018-6-19 13:18 设置高亮 
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美方在推出500亿美元征税清单之后,又威胁将制定2000亿美元征税清单


  美方在推出500亿美元征税清单之后,又变本加厉,威胁将制定2000亿美元征税清单。这种极限施压和讹诈的做法,背离双方多次磋商共识,也令国际社会十分失望。如果美方失去理性、出台清单,中方将不得不采取数量型和质量型相结合的综合措施,做出强有力反制。

  美方发起贸易战,违背市场规律,不符合当今世界发展潮流,伤害中美两国人民和企业利益,伤害全世界人民利益。中方的应对既是为了维护和捍卫国家和人民利益,也是维护和捍卫自由贸易体制,维护和捍卫人类共同利益。无论外界环境如何变化,中方都将按照既定节奏,坚持以人民为中心,坚定推进改革开放,坚定推进经济高质量发展,加快建设现代经济体系。


http://world.huanqiu.com/article/2018-06/12290663.html

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-President Donald Trump directed the US Trade Representative's office to draw up a list of $200 billion worth of Chinese goods to subject to an additional 10% tariff.
-Trump said that the new tariff would go into effect if the Chinese government did not lower recently announced tariffs on US goods and failed to address the theft of US intellectual property by Chinese companies.
-The latest round of tariffs would almost definitely put the US into all-out trade war against China.


President Donald Trump threatened to escalate the trade fight with China into an all-out trade war on Monday, promising to impose massive tariffs on Chinese goods unless Beijing reverses course on its own trade actions.

Trump directed the US Trade Representative's office to begin drawing up a list of $200 billion worth of Chinese goods to hit with a 10% tariff, dwarfing the size of previous trade actions against China.

"Therefore, today, I directed the United States Trade Representative to identify $200 billion worth of Chinese goods for additional tariffs at a rate of 10 percent," Trump said. "After the legal process is complete, these tariffs will go into effect if China refuses to change its practices, and also if it insists on going forward with the new tariffs that it has recently announced."

Monday's announcement comes just three days after Trump officially announced that tariffs on $50 billion worth of Chinese goods would be subject to a new 25% tariff starting July 6. The tariffs were the result of an investigation by Commerce Department into the theft of US intellectual property by Chinese companies.

Following Trump's announcement, China rolled out retaliatory tariffs on $50 billion worth of US goods and promised to stand firm against the US's actions.

The statement from Trump on Monday said that China's response showed that Beijing had no plans to address the underlying IP theft and required escalation by the US.

"This latest action by China clearly indicates its determination to keep the United States at a permanent and unfair disadvantage, which is reflected in our massive $376 billion trade imbalance in goods. This is unacceptable," Trump said. "Further action must be taken to encourage China to change its unfair practices, open its market to United States goods, and accept a more balanced trade relationship with the United States."

In addition to the second set of tariffs, Trump also threatened to hit China with a third wave — an additional 10% on another $200 billion worth of Chinese goods — if the Beijing rolled out their own wave of tariffs.

Following the statement from Trump, US stock futures dove into negative territory. As of 8:25 p.m. ET, S&P 500 futures were down just over 0.5% and Nasdaq futures were off just over 0.65%.

The threats appear to show a near collapse of the talks designed to avoid a trade war. A delegation of Trump officials initially reached a preliminary deal with their Chinese counterparts on a preliminary trade deal that would have postponed the US tariffs in exchange for Chinese purchases of American goods.

But, Trump's decision to move forward with the tariffs caused the deal to collapse and the trade battle to escalate once again.

http://www.businessinsider.com/t ... na-trade-war-2018-6

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这篇报道还回顾了中美这次贸易纷争的历史

Here's a rundown of major events in the US-China trade battle:
March 1: Trump announces tariffs on all imports of steel and aluminum, including metals from China.
March 22: Trump announces the US will soon hit $50 billion worth of Chinese goods with a 25% tariff. China announces tariffs in retaliation for the steel and aluminum tariffs, promises response to new announcement.
April 3: The USTR announces the full list of Chinese goods that could be subject to the tariff, there is a mandatory 60-day comment period for industries to ask for exemptions from the tariffs.
April 4: China rolls out a list of more than 100 US goods with roughly $50 billion that will be subject to retaliatory tariffs.
May 19: After a visit from Chinese officials, the two countries announce the outline of a deal to avoid the tariffs.
May 29: The White House announces that the tariffs on $50 billion of Chinese goods will move forward, with the final list of goods released June 15. The move appears to wreck the nascent trade deal.
June 15: Trump rolls out the f inal list of goods subject to new tariffs. Chinese imports worth $34 billion will be subject to the new 25% tariff as og July 6, with another $16 worth of imports subject to the tariff at a later date. China retaliates with an equivalent set of tariffs.

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打完你才知道为什么说两手都要硬,弱肉强食

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一个老外写的内容,虽然是其个人观点,但看看或许更能了解这次的贸易冲突的背景。

US-China trade war is just the start of the struggle for global order

With Friday’s not-so-surprising announcement, the United States and China fired the opening volley in what will likely be a long, nasty trade war, slapping billions of dollars of tariffs on each other’s products.

But this is just the start of something much bigger: a U.S.-China “cold war,” a geopolitical competition our nation has not seen since the 1980s, that will only grow in scope and intensity as the months and years pass by.



Forget North Korea’s nukes, the Iran deal, ISIS or trade squabbles with our neighbors to the north, or even a rogue Russia. The rise of China — now the world’s second largest economy and military — will be the national security challenge of our time. Everything else is a joke by comparison.


None of this should be a shock. As if it was not abundantly clear, Washington and Beijing are locked into a multi-domain struggle that will not only determine who dominates East Asia, but which superpower can rightly call the 21st century its own.

We should have all seen this coming. The glue that cemented the U.S.-China relationship, and what brought Beijing out of international isolation — a rising Soviet Union — disintegrated the moment the hammer-and-sickle disappeared over the Kremlin.

Tensions immediately began to rise, as leaders in Beijing were already locked in for a geopolitical struggle. Going back as far as the mid-1980s, scholars have documented that Chinese officials could see the old USSR beginning to rot from the inside, meaning that America would become its next national security challenge.

And events proved they were right. Just a few years after the Soviet Union imploded, Washington and Beijing squared off over the future of Taiwan. China would soon discover that it was ill-prepared to take on any part of the U.S. military, as its armed forces could not find — not to mention attack — America’s aircraft carriers off its coast, proving that waging war against the world’s only superpower would be a colossal mistake.

From that point, China’s leadership began what can only be described as a crash course to ensure that, when another confrontation occurred, they would be ready. They set out to remake their armed forces into a modern fighting machine — spending hundreds of billions of dollars. Today, Beijing is armed with not one but two aircraft carriers and a missile force that is poised to sink the U.S. Navy from land, all the while building fake islands and bases in the South China Sea.

But China did not seek to best America just in the defense sector. Oh, no, Beijing’s aims were much more ambitious. China’s leadership, for decades now, has based their own legitimacy on the rebuilding of their national power on a strong, modern economy.

No longer just a producer of cheap goods, or the world’s low-cost factory, Beijing is now attempting to become a technological and innovation powerhouse to rival not just America but also South Korea, Taiwan and Japan. Their “Made in China 2025” plan, which commits Beijing to spending hundreds of billions of dollars on subsidies to ensure domestic companies dominate their home markets in areas like AI, self-driving cars, computer chips, solar and more, could power China to become not only the world’s largest economy but, perhaps even more importantly, the world’s technological superpower.

Maybe most concerning of all is China’s territorial ambitions. Beijing seems to be pushing out in all directions, whether trying to dominate the East China Sea, to stamp out Taiwan’s fragile democracy or to turn the South China Sea into its own personal lake; China has made it clear that it will be the undisputed master of Asia’s waters, and won’t forever tolerate Washington’s blatant interference in what it calls its “core interests” — Chinese code for “spheres of influence.”

Thankfully, the Trump administration understands the challenge. Not satisfied with media-savvy rollouts or catchy foreign policy bumper stickers like the “pivot” or “rebalance” to Asia, Team Trump is ready to take on China over the next six years. As one senior administration official told me a few months back: “We will impose costs on China.” And those actions are producing results.

From pushing back on China’s theft of intellectual and defense secrets and its unfair trade practices, to ensuring our military can fight China if war ever came, to making sure Beijing does not cheat on sanctions over North Korea, the administration is implementing the strategic shift towards Asia that should have been completed many years ago.

None of this will be easy, and Beijing will push back. Over the next few years, Americans must understand that the China challenge will be a multi-decade, long-term struggle with a nation that has the economic and military muscle to change global politics, trade flows and the very nature of international politics against our interests. That alone should make the average citizen — no matter their political persuasion — pay attention when they see the word “China” pop into the headlines.

http://thehill.com/opinion/natio ... struggle-for-global

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原标题:“贸易恐怖主义”救不了美国

就像一头遭到强硬回击的公牛,美国特朗普政府现在真是急红了眼,竟于6月18日夜又发表声明,在此前公布的500亿美元征税清单基础上,威胁再对价值2000亿美元的中国产品加征10%关税,以报复中国“无意改变与收购美国知识产权和技术有关的不公平做法”。

对此,中国商务部发表谈话,批评美方这种“极限施压和讹诈的做法,背离双方多次磋商共识,也令国际社会十分失望。如果美方失去理性、出台清单,中方将不得不采取数量型与质量型相结合的综合措施,做出强有力反制。”

从500亿至2000亿,再到白宫声明里所谓“如果中国再次提高关税,美将再对另外2000亿美元货物加征关税”的扬言,算下来,美方迄今发出的威胁加征关税的中国商品总额已高达4500亿美元。而据中国海关总署统计,2017年中国对美国出口货物为4298亿美元。这就意味着:如果美方清单落实,美国市场要对所有中国商品关上大门。确实失去理性、近乎疯狂!

全球化发展到今天,任何一个懂得市场规律、明了世界大势的大国领导人,都不可能做出对中国这个全球第二大经济体关上大门的荒唐行为,更何况在商海沉浮数十年、深懂“交易艺术”的特朗普总统。所以,在白宫貌似失去理性的声明背后,其实是遭到中方强硬反击后的恼羞成怒、面对美国股市因贸易战下跌的恐慌、备战中期选举的焦虑,以及无法啃下中国“硬骨头”而难以推进全球贸易战的气急败坏。所以,玩弄不断加码的数字游戏,继续向中方极限施压,以示强来博取选票,就成为特朗普无奈而又必然的选择。

但是,这种基于一己之私、将中美民众乃至全球民众的利益玩弄于股掌之间的做法,令国际社会进一步看清:美国所追求的并不是仅仅实现“贸易平衡”,而是用贸易关税这根大棒来当开路先锋,维护美国在政治、经济、军事、科技等方面的绝对霸主地位,为此不惜冒天下之大不韪,以一对多,单挑全球。这种“宁可我负天下人,不可天下人负我”的霸主心态,这种重创全世界自由贸易、经济全球化、多边贸易体制和全球产业链的做法,不正是赤裸裸的“贸易恐怖主义”?!

但是,这一做法解决不了美国的问题,也救不了“正在走向衰败的美利坚”。正如曾提出“历史终结论”的弗朗西斯·福山近年来所反思的,美国政治制度日益失灵,利益集团和话语权过度,而大多数民众的利益与意志没有得到维护和体现。摩根大通CEO戴蒙也指出,美国近年来的经济增长放缓表明“有些事情不对劲,它让美国倒退”。不少分析家认为,美国经济虽然短期内表现向好,但是经济长期放缓的趋势并未改变,政治家们如果无法解决美国经济的结构性问题,因2008年次货危机引发的资产价格上涨、收入差距空前加大等暗藏的风险点随时可能会引爆。


“贸易恐怖主义”救不了美国,但是它对经济全球化、多边贸易体制和全球产业链的伤害是严重的。所以,中国从一开始就亮明态度,要“坚决捍卫国家利益和人民利益、坚决捍卫经济全球化和多边贸易体制”。面对急红了眼的特朗普政府,中方仍会以不变应善变。而且,中方的迎击是一种综合性战术,既讲究数量,也就是反制的美国商品价值数额,也讲究质量,重视打击的效果,要让“贸易恐怖主义”制造者感觉到痛,感觉到怕!

还要看到,在美方这场精心策划、蓄谋已久的贸易大战中,中方是其碰到的第一个强硬对手。如果中方退让,那么接下来,美国的其他贸易伙伴恐怕都无一幸免。值得庆幸的是,越来越多的国家已看清美国“贸易恐怖主义“的本质与用心,就连美国在亚洲的铁杆盟友日本首相安倍晋三也表示“难以理解,不可接受”,并要求美方采取的贸易措施必须符合世贸组织规定。眼下,面对美国近乎疯狂的举动,国际社会必须尽快携起手来,共同抵制,以毫不退让的表态与举措,共同打赢这场贸易领域的“反恐之战“!(国际锐评评论员盛玉红)

http://news.ifeng.com/a/20180620/58801855_0.shtml

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老外的文章引用了孙子兵法,同时提到了美国在制定加税清单时候的雷区,怕触发美国消费者的不满,知己知彼,百战百胜,建议外贸人看看

“A wise general makes a point of foraging on the enemy,” according to the Chinese general Sun Tzu. “One cartload of the enemy’s provisions is equivalent to 20 of one’s own.”

The lesson of that maxim — that leaders need to pay close attention to the economics of conflict, and make sure that costs are imposed more on the enemy than the home front — holds as true today as it did two and a half millennia ago. Washington doesn’t appear to be listening.

The White House’s promise to impose 10 percent tariffs on $200 billion of Chinese goods on top of the existing $50 billion issued this week 1 — with an option to add a further $200 billion on top of that — would put almost the entirety of the U.S.’s $526 billion of imports from China in jeopardy.

That may look like a strong move. China, with only $155 billion or so of imports from the U.S., simply doesn’t have enough trade to respond in kind. In truth, however, the big numbers conceal some deep weaknesses.

To see why, consider Sun Tzu. The initial lists put out by U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer have been surgical in targeting only goods that can avoid a widespread popular backlash against President Donald Trump’s trade policies. Most of the 1,102 products on the latest tally are intermediate goods such as storage heaters and lubricating oils, whose raised costs are unlikely ever to directly hit consumers’ hip pockets.

We've Only Just Begun
Hardly any of the tariffs announced by Beijing and Washington are in force at present

Source: International trade center, news reports, government statements, Bloomberg Opinion calculations

Note: "No announced plans" based on gap between 2017 trade figures and announced tariff numbers.

The exceptions threatened to date have tended to be rarely purchased durable goods (such as the washing machines that have risen 17 percent in price since tariffs were imposed in a separate move in January), or products such as flat-screen televisions that have become dramatically cheaper over the past decade.

In both cases, the products are ones where average Americans might be expected to initially miss the pain of rising costs — and even flat-screen TVs were removed from Lighthizer’s most recent list after consultation with industry.

In other words, Lighthizer has been ensuring that his trade armies forage on the enemy. The tariffs will hurt the revenues of Chinese exporters, as higher prices damp demand while U.S. wholesalers switch to other countries wherever substitution is possible. 2  By avoiding swathes of consumer products, meanwhile, he’s limited the risk of popular discontent.

The problem is that the U.S. is at a strategic disadvantage on this front. As we’ve written before, China’s exports to the U.S. tend to be consumer goods, while trade in the opposite direction is weighted toward raw materials and intermediate parts. That means Lighthizer is already close to or past the limit where he can raise prices on Chinese products without American voters noticing.

What are the next major categories of goods where the U.S. can impose further tariffs? Mobile phones, with $73 billion of imports from China in 2017, would be next on the list, followed by computers and accessories; furniture and mattresses; toys and games; clothing and shoes; and televisions. The six categories together amount to another $273 billion.

Such action would smack Middle America between the eyes, and Washington could be expected to do its utmost to avoid it. But the wiggle room is limited, as the Council on Foreign Relations’ Brad Setser has pointed out. While it’s possible in theory to compile the next $200 billion hit list by imposing levies on almost every traded item other than those big six consumer categories, there’s no way to reach Trump’s final total without doing so.

Empty Pockets Don't Ever Make the Grade
It's almost impossible to assemble another $200 billion -- let alone $400 billion -- of traded goods for tariffs without cutting into consumer categories like clothing, homewares and electronics


Note: Shows value of U.S. imports from China in 2017. We've included the value of two- and four-digit trade categories in which large numbers of product lines are included on existing USTR tariff lists. The lists cover more than 1,000 eight-digit trade categories which are more granular, so in practice the data may differ.

Look at how the two commanders-in-chief are arraying their armies and you should be concerned about America’s ability to withstand attack.

The careful curation of Lighthizer’s existing lists suggests a general aware of his weaknesses on the home front who is following orders from a commander oblivious to the risks. Should the trade war begin in earnest, Washington had better be ready with an explanation for the rising cost of living and decline in farm exports ahead of November’s midterm elections.

Meanwhile, China’s domestic industrial machine — which managed to offset the wrenching export declines from the 2008 financial crisis without pushing economic growth below 6 percent — is roaring in readiness. Steel production in May rose 12 percent from a year earlier, the fastest pace in five years, while thermal electricity output climbed 10 percent. That stimulus may worsen China’s economic imbalances and harm the global climate, but — combined with the relative immunity from popular anger you’d expect in an authoritarian state — should keep the nation strong as the trade battle heats up.

Heavy Metal
Output of steel and thermal power in China grew at some of the fastest rates in years in May

It may well be that the White House’s latest threat is no more than a gambit. America’s consumers had better hope so. If not, the front line of this conflict is coming to their hip pockets.

https://www.bloomberg.com/view/a ... for-your-hip-pocket

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President Donald Trump’s looming trade war with China ratcheted up so quickly you might have missed it. Over the weekend, Trump engaged in a back-and-forth with the country that ultimately led him to threaten tariffs on $450 billion of Chinese imports.

“We have to,” Trump told reporters Friday. “We’ve been treated very unfairly.”

For Trump, who has declared trade wars “easy to win,” the escalating tariffs represent the fulfillment of a campaign promise to crack down on China and reduce the U.S. trade deficit to support U.S. jobs. But most economists, business leaders and trade experts on both sides of the aisle have cried foul, arguing that trade wars are a dangerous game that could hurt the economy at home and around the world.


The prospect of a trade war is particularly dangerous when it comes to China, the U.S.’ largest goods trading partner. Products from the country are integrated into global supply chains, and the U.S. sends the country billions of dollars worth agricultural products, vehicles and machinery each year.

That position — along with the authoritarian nature of its political system — gives China significant leverage to stay the course in any trade war. The country’s tariffs on $34 billion in goods announced on June 15 targeted industries in politically sensitive places: soybean farmers in Iowa, U.S. automakers in the Rust Belt and orange juice in Florida.

People in those swing states are taking notice. “If we lose trade to China, our neighbors to the south will be glad to take up that trade,” says John Heisdorffer, a soybean producer from Iowa and president of the American Soybean Association.

That’s not to say that China is blameless. Trump’s June 15 tariffs came in response to a months-long investigation that documented trade practices from forcing U.S. companies to share trade secrets to subsiding domestic industries which have been widely condemned as unfair. “China seeks to acquire the crown jewels of American technology,” says Peter Navarro, a White House trade advisor. “This is the kind of thing that needs to be addressed.”

But most economists generally say that tariffs are the wrong way to tackle the issue. The rollout of this latest set of actions was quick and decisive, leaving little opportunity for negotiation. On June 15, Trump announced tariffs on $50 billion worth of Chinese imports. Within minutes China responded in kind, targeting a range of goods from soy beans to electric vehicles, and prompting Trump three days later to order his trade office to find another $200 billion worth of Chinese goods to target. Preemptively, Trump said he would be willing to bring the total value of Chinese goods targeted with tariffs to $450 billion.


“China has a farily predictable pattern of responding immediately and with pretty stiff tariffs,” says Ron Kirk, U.S. Trade Representative under President Obama and now a partner at the law firm Gibson, Dunn and Crutcher. “Whenever you get in this tit-for-tat escalation and retaliations, it generally is not good.”

Perhaps most importantly, the fast-moving nature of the back and forth means it will be difficult to halt. Negotiations for a brokered truce with China have all but stopped — Navarro says “our phone lines are open” — and trade officials are stretched thin dealing on other fights with Canada, Mexico and a raft of European countries.

“We have a front opened up on the EU, China and NAFTA,” says Carlos Gutierrez, U.S. Secretary of Commerce under George W. Bush and chair of the Albright Stonebridge Group. “That’s pretty much the world’s economy right there.”

You may not have felt the pinch of the trade war yet, but experts say that barring big shift in direction large swathes of Americans will get hit. To understand the effects of tariffs, look no further than washing machines and solar panels. The price of laundry equipment has spiked 17% in the last three months after years of decline, according to Bureau of Labor Statistics data. And more than $2.5 billion in U.S. solar projects have been scrapped thanks to the tariffs, according to a Reuters analysis.

Meanwhile, markets have responded poorly to Trump’s tariffs play, dipping repeatedly with each new tariff announcement. Even an internal report from the White House Council of Economic Advisers reported by the New York Times found that Trump’s trade agenda would hurt the U.S. economy. At the same, Trump’s tax cuts and higher spending have actually exacerbated the trade deficit, which he ostensibly hopes to reduce with his trade agenda. “Look, I have always said a trade deficit doesn’t matter,” former Trump advisor Gary Cohn said at a Washington Post event last week. “In many respects, it’s helpful to our economy.”

But Trump has remained determined to implement his trade agenda in contrast to his vacillations on other political issues. And he is counting on the getting tough on China play to deliver a win for his base and give Republicans a boost in the midterm elections.

http://time.com/5314894/donald-trump-china-trade-war/

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今天一个福友收到的客户回复:

Sorry with new Tariffs there will be no tooling going to China

办公室还有2个同事也是说收到好几个这样的回复。

老板说一般美国发来中国,我们利润是30%
但是好像关税有25%-30% 所以他们就宁愿不发来中国了

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