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标题: 美国海关官网上进出口的最常见问答
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美国海关官网上进出口的最常见问答

为什么福步要转发这个帖,它可以让你了解你的美国怎么进口,他是否有什么事情需要事先解决。



Top Import/Export Topics

第一问:在美国,我想进口是否需要什么证书?

Q:  Do I need a license to import something?

A:
You do not need a license to act as an importer. However, some items require a license or permit from various government agencies in order to be imported. For more complete information, please see our publication "Importing Into the U.S." The chapter on "Special Requirements" provides very complete information. (Some common items that may require licenses or permits are food products ordered from a commercial vendor, plant, animal and dairy products, prescription medications, trademarked articles such as name-brand shoes, handbags, luggage, golf clubs, toys, etc. and copyrighted material such as CDs, DVDs and tapes)

CBP paperwork does require an "importer number" as a means of identifying who the final recipient of the goods is. If you have a business tax number with the IRS, this number should be used as the importer number. If you do not have a business tax number, you may use your Social Security number.

If you do not wish to give your SSN to a shipper, and your importation is for personal use, is under $2500, and is being cleared by a Customs Broker (very common for goods shipped by courier services), please see our information about using a third party's Importer Number by typing "Social Security Number" in the word search field above.

If you have neither a business tax number nor a social security number, and you are a non-resident of the U.S., you may contact the port where your goods will enter the country and ask them to assign an importer number to you by filing a CBP Form 5106.

A license IS required to act as a Customs Broker, which is someone who clears goods through CBP on behalf of importers who do not want to handle the various technicalities that are involved in importing themselves.

If you have ordered something from an overseas seller over the Internet for your own personal use, you should also see our information on Internet Purchases.


https://help.cbp.gov/app/answers/detail/a_id/197/noIntercept/1

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第2问:去美国参展,需要知道什么,准备什么?

Trade Shows - exhibiting a product/ booths

Q:  What do I need to know about exhibiting a product, bringing or shipping supplies for a Trade Show in the U.S.?

A:

If you are traveling into the U.S. to exhibit a product at a Trade Show/Fair, the following is a checklist of recommendations useful for the entry of the items:

    Official documentation showing date and location of the Trade Show
    Confirmation that you are an exhibitor
    Documentation indicating value of items
    Mark items "Not for Sale" or mutilate the items
    Contact the Port of Entry prior to travel
    Complete CF7523-"Entry and Manifest of Merchandise free of Duty"  (For NAFTA Items only)
    Check with the government agency that regulates your product for any possible restrictions or required documentation
    Obtain the HTSUS code for your items

If shipping supplies and/or the value is over $2500, a Temporary Importation Bond (TIB) or Carnet is the best course of action. This applies to display booths or other items not remaining in the U.S. beyond your intended visit.

Information on Carnets, TIBS and the Trade Fair Program:

CARNET (click on the first link, "ATA Carnet", from this page)

TEMPORARY IMPORTATION UNDER BOND (TIB)

TRADE FAIR PROGRAM

Are the items prohibited/restricted?

Restricted Merchandise: Because CBP officers are stationed at all ports of arrival in the United States, including Puerto Rico, they are called upon to enforce laws and regulations of other government agencies.

A license or permit from the responsible agency may be necessary to import: Alcoholic beverages, animal and animal products, certain drugs, firearms and ammunition, fruits, nuts, meat and meat products, milk, dairy, and cheese products, plants and plant products, poultry and poultry products, petroleum and petroleum products, and vegetables.

There are also restrictions on the importation of certain trademarked and copyrighted articles.  (For further information see Customs Publication No. 549 U.S. Customs and Protection of Intellectual Property Rights.) IPR Resources

Certain items in these categories may also be prohibited.

The following items must comply with applicable regulations of other agencies: Art materials, cultural property, hazardous/toxic/flammable materials, household appliances, some electronics products, and toys and children's articles.

Agencies that may regulate your product:

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives

(202) 453-2260 (alcoholic beverages)

(202) 616 4550 (arms and ammunition)

USDA Animal and Plant Inspection Service (APHIS)

(301) 734-3277 (Animal products)

(301) 734-8364 (Live animals)

(301) 734-0841 (Plants/plant products)

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Division of Management Authority (703) 358-2104

Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

Division of Import Operations and Policy (301) 443-6553

Contact FDA.

Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC)

Office of Compliance 1-800-638-2772

Commercial samples:  http://www.cbp.gov/trade/nafta/commercial-samples

Temporary admissions:  http://www.cbp.gov/trade/nafta/g ... /en-temp-admissions

Note: Exhibitors may want to register items with Canada Customs in order to facilitate the return of the items to Canada.  See Canadian Chamber of Commerce.

https://help.cbp.gov/app/answers/detail/a_id/1212/kw/trade

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第3问,相信许多福步外贸人都不陌生,是的,美国海关进出口数据,它是可以公开申请付费获得的。

FOIA Importer Trade Activity (ITRAC) Requests

Q: How do I file an Importer Trade Activity/Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request for non-international travel information?

A: For years, the Office of International Trade (OT) has provided import data to Importers of Record, to filers, and to their legal representatives, who have submitted requests to OST under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). This collection of information is called ITRAC - Importer Trade Activity. ITRAC is company-specific import data placed in an MS-Access 97 database, and provided on CD-Rom for a processing fee.

Export records can also be requested through ITRAC.

Please allow 3-6 weeks for processing of your data request. (Please note: This time frame is based on no problems occurring). At the completion of your request, you will receive a payment invoice by fax or email, so that you can comply with the Prompt Payment Act.

Approximate payment range is $250.00 - $300.00. All checks should be addressed to U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Checks drawn from foreign banks are not acceptable as payment for FOIA processing.

Available ITRAC information includes the following:
Country of Export         Est. Tax         Port of Lading/Unlading
Country of Origin         Exams         Related Party Status
Discrepancy Types         Export Date         Special Program Ind.
Entered Value         Filer         Ultimate Consignee
Entry Date         HTS Number/Desc.        
Entry Number         Liquidation Date        
Entry Type         Manuf. Id        
Est. Duty/Rate         Mode of Transport        

ITRAC requests under FOIA must be received either in writing, or by email. Email requests should be sent to: OST Automation Support

Written requests on company letterhead can be mailed to:

U.S. Customs and Border Protection
Office of International Trade
Trade Information Management Division
1400 L St. N.W., 11th Floor
Washington, DC 20005
ATTN: FOIA Officer/ITRAC
Or FAXED to:
(202) 863-6060
Or EMAIL to:
OSTAUTOMATIONSUPPORT@cbp.dhs.gov.

Requests for import data can only be made by authorized company officers, and should include the following information:

    Importer number(s)
    Time period desired
    State that the request is being made under FOIA regulations
    Agreement to pay for costs of getting the import data
    Name and address of any third party authorized to receive the data

See a sample request ( Sample Request (doc - 26 KB.) ) .

ITRAC requests are processed in the order in which they are received. ITRAC requests are:

    individually validated and logged
    receipted within 20 days to the requestor, stating whether we will provide the data
    assigned a unique request control number
    turnaround of all available import data is generally within three weeks of receipt

Payment for an ITRAC request under FOIA ranges generally from $250 through $300, and is due upon receipt of ITRAC. Please include the request control number with all payments and correspondence for ITRAC.

All payments must be submitted via overnight courier to the address and attention name below:

U.S. Customs & Border Protection
Office of International Trade
90 K Street, N.E., 10th Floor
Washington, DC 20029-1177
ATTN: Charles Wilkins

Inquiries on current or possible future ITRAC requests may be sent to: OSTAUTOMATIONSUPPORT@cbp.dhs.gov.

https://help.cbp.gov/app/answers/detail/a_id/1182/kw/trade

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第4问  怎么获取美国进口商信息

Obtaining information about importers / exporters by commodity

Q: How can I get information about who is importing or exporting various commodities?

A: Importer names on entry documents are confidential and U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) does not disclose names of importers to the public. However, there are a number of private sector media services that are permitted by the privacy statute, 19 CFR 103.31 (d), to collect manifest data at every port of entry. Reporters collect and publish names of importers from vessel manifest data unless an importer/shipper requests confidentiality.

Please be aware that there is a subscription charge for this information.

Among the companies that provide this information service are the Journal of Commerce's PIERS database and Ealing Market Data Engineering Co.

You can also try the American Association of Exporters and Importers in New York.

https://help.cbp.gov/app/answers ... /kw/trade/related/1

福步上做海关数据的企业挺多的,参考 http://bbs.fobshanghai.com/thread-4725545-1-1.html

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第5问 怎么让我的信息从美国公开的仓单信息里隐藏起来,不对外公开

Importers - Confidential treatment of vessel manifest data

Q: How can I prevent information about my import activities from being disclosed to the public?

A: According to privacy statute, 19 CFR 103.31 (d), the public is allowed to collect manifest data at every port of entry. Reporters collect and publish names of importers from vessel manifest data unless an importer/shipper requests confidentiality.

The importer can submit a letter via email (vesselmanifestconfidentiality@cbp.dhs.gov) by Fax (202)325-0154 or by mail (address below) to the Privacy Branch requesting that their company name not be disclosed on the vessel manifest. The confidential protection is valid for 2 years, after which time a renewal is needed. Send in renewal requests 60-90 days prior to the expiration of the 2 year confidentiality period.  CBP will not accept more than 10 variations of a company name.  Please be sure to include the U.S. mailing address and U.S. EIN.  There is no fee associated with the request for confidentiality.

You will receive a response when the confidentiality request has been granted. The acknowledgement letters do not provide an effective time period, only the date the confidentiality becomes effective. Please note that we cannot provide a response time. We ask the Trade to allow 60-90 days for processing.

The letter can be sent to:CBP Privacy Officer

U.S. Customs and Border Protection

90 K Street, N.E.

10th Floor

Washington D.C. 20229-1177

https://help.cbp.gov/app/answers ... /kw/trade/related/1

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第6问 美国进口商怎么确定他们的海关编码

Harmonized Tariff Schedule - Determining duty rates

Q: How do I use the Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HTS) to determine duty rates?

A:

For a brief explanation of how duty rates are determined, please see the  Determining Duty Rates on CBP.gov.  For more detail, visit the U.S. International Trade Commission website USITC Interactive Tariff and Trade Data.
If you are seriously considering importing something, and the decision to do so is dependent of that items' rate of duty, contact an Import Specialist at the port you will be importing through for help on obtaining a correct classification number and duty rate. You may find the telephone number on our Web site. Click on the state that you will be importing through to obtain the telephone number. Import Specialists cannot be contacted through email. You must call them directly for this information.
You may also find duty information in the Harmonized Tariff Schedule on the U.S. International Trade Commission HTS Web site. Scroll down to the section that your commodity falls under and click on the chapter that relates to your commodity. The link will first take you to the chapter notes, which offer technical guidance for determining the correct classification number for items in that chapter. After the notes, you will find the classification and duty rate tables where you can attempt to determine your items' classification number and associated duty rate.
Be aware that the HTS can be very complicated. If you self-classify an item and the classification is incorrect, the mistake can be costly. Therefore, it is advised that you speak directly with an Import Specialist if duty rate information is crucial to your decision to import something.

https://help.cbp.gov/app/answers/detail/a_id/277/kw/trade

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关于美国报关经纪人,如果你的美国客户在进口清关时遇到困难,可以让他找找当地的报关经纪人. 美国清关流程 http://bbs.fobshanghai.com/viewthread.php?tid=2673281

Customs Brokers - Preparation and training suggestions for Customs Broker License Examination
Q: How can I prepare or get training for the Customs Broker License Examination?
A:


Customs and Border Protection (CBP) does not offer training for the Customs Broker License Examination, but there are private options available.
Customs brokers are private individuals, partnerships, associations or corporations licensed, regulated and empowered by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) to assist importers and exporters in meeting Federal requirements governing imports and exports. Brokers submit necessary information and appropriate payments to CBP on behalf of their clients and charge them a fee for this service.
Brokers must have expertise in the entry procedures, admissibility requirements, classification, valuation, and the rates of duty and applicable taxes and fees for imported merchandise.  For more information visit Becoming a Customs Broker on CBP.gov.
Applicants should bring the reference materials noted below and any other pertinent reference materials to the examination. The use of any other versions of the listed references other than those recommended is at the applicant's own risk.
Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (2013 version, NO Supplements)
Title 19, Code of Federal Regulations (revised as of April 1, 2013 Parts 0 to End)
Customs and Trade Automated Interface Requirements (CATAIR)
Appendix B - Valid Codes
Appendix D - Metric Conversion
Appendix E - Valid Entry Numbers
Appendix G - Common Errors
Glossary of Terms
Instructions for Preparation of CBP Form 7501 (July 24, 2012)
Right to Make Entry Directive 3530-002A
Applicants must provide their own reference materials.
Examinees may use any written reference material; however, use of any electronic device during the exam other than a simple pocket calculator is strictly prohibited. Examples of prohibited devices include, but are not limited to, scientific calculators and similar devices which have QWERTY (keyboard-like) input or which allow anything in addition to numeric input, laptops or portable/handheld computers, tablets, smart phones, or personal digital assistants (PDAs).

https://help.cbp.gov/app/answers/detail/a_id/300/kw/trade

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美国5号海外仓
永不福步




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都是英文啊,完全看不懂

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的确,这些问题,我们都遇到过。

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我就是来看看的
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这些确实很重要,多谢分享

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谢谢分享

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QUOTE:
原帖由 vip 于 2014-8-5 07:21 发表
为什么福步要转发这个帖,它可以让你了解你的美国怎么进口,他是否有什么事情需要事先解决。



Top Import/Export Topics

第一问:在 ...

VIP这个帖子不错。

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come here

Dear,

来过,

yours sincerely,
Darren

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